Double Ikat Patola Saree from Patan, Gujarat: A Treasure Trove of Indian Handloom Weaving

“Smriti Irani’s Visit to Patan Patola Heritage”

India has a rich tradition of handloom weaving, which is celebrated all around the world for its intricate designs and unparalleled craftsmanship. Among the many styles of handloom weaving practiced in India, Patola sarees from the town of Patan in Gujarat hold a special place. These sarees are known for their unique double ikat weaving technique, which involves dyeing both the warp and weft threads before weaving, resulting in a stunning symmetrical design that looks the same on both sides of the fabric.

The history of Patan Patola sarees dates back to the 12th century, when skilled weavers from the Salvi caste migrated to Patan from South India. They brought with them the art of double ikat weaving, which they had learned from the ancient kingdom of Pallava. Over the centuries, the Patola sarees became highly coveted by royalty and wealthy merchants, who regarded them as a status symbol due to their intricate design and high cost. Today, Patola sarees are still regarded as one of the finest examples of Indian handloom weaving, and continue to be in high demand all over the world.

The Making of Patan Patola Sarees

The process of making Patan Patola sarees is a complex and time-consuming one, involving several skilled artisans working together to create a single piece of fabric. First, the design of the saree is drawn on graph paper, and then translated onto the warp and weft threads using a series of knots and ties. This process can take anywhere from a few weeks to several months, depending on the complexity of the design.

Once the threads are tied, they are dyed using natural dyes made from plants, roots, and flowers. The dyeing process is repeated several times until the desired color is achieved, and the threads are then left to dry in the sun. Next, the tied threads are carefully placed on the loom, and the weaving process begins.

The weaving of a Patan Patola saree is a highly skilled and intricate process that requires great precision and patience. The weaver must carefully align the warp and weft threads to create the symmetrical design, and adjust the tension of the threads as needed. Depending on the complexity of the design, it can take anywhere from six months to two years to weave a single Patan Patola saree.

Significance of Patan Patola Sarees

Patan Patola sarees are highly valued for their intricate designs and exceptional craftsmanship, but they also hold great cultural significance. In Gujarat, these sarees are often worn by brides on their wedding day, as they are believed to bring good luck and prosperity to the newlyweds. They are also worn during religious ceremonies and festivals, as well as other important occasions such as births and graduations.

Aside from their cultural significance, Patan Patola sarees are also a symbol of sustainable fashion. The use of natural dyes and traditional weaving techniques means that these sarees have a much lower environmental impact than mass-produced textiles. In addition, the intricate design and high-quality craftsmanship of Patan Patola sarees mean that they can last for generations, making them a valuable family heirloom.

How to Choose and Style a Patan Patola Saree

If you are interested in owning a Patan Patola saree, there are a few things to keep in mind when choosing and styling your saree. First, consider the occasion for which you will be wearing the saree. Patan Patola sarees come in a variety of colors and designs, so choose one that suits the occasion and your personal style.

When it comes to styling your saree, there are many different ways to wear it depending on your preference. The traditional way to drape a saree is to tuck one end of the saree into the waistband of your petticoat, wrap the remaining length around your waist, and drape the pallu (the loose end) over your shoulder. However, there are many different styles of draping a saree, each with its own unique look.

To accessorize your Patan Patola saree, consider adding traditional Indian jewelry such as bangles, earrings, and a necklace. Opt for jewelry that complements the colors and design of your saree, and keep the rest of your accessories simple.


Patola sarees from Patan, Gujarat are a true treasure trove of Indian handloom weaving. The unique double ikat weaving technique and intricate designs make these sarees highly coveted by people all around the world. But beyond their beauty, Patan Patola sarees also hold great cultural significance and are a symbol of sustainable fashion. If you are interested in owning a Patan Patola saree, take the time to choose one that suits your personal style and occasion, and accessorize it with traditional Indian jewelry for a stunning and authentic look.

PS:Being an ardent proponent of handloom weaving, I vehemently advocate for the awareness and importance of adorning handloom fabrics, as well as extending support to small-scale enterprises and weavers involved in this art form. If you too share my passion for handloom, I highly recommend perusing the exquisite handloom collection offered by Sanskriticuttack. Apart from boasting stunning and distinctive sarees, they also endorse the preservation of India’s cultural heritage by endorsing small businesses and weavers from Odisha. By browsing through Sanskriticuttack’s selection, you can infuse your wardrobe with the enchanting allure of handloom while simultaneously contributing to a noble cause.

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