Variety is the spice of life, but when it comes to choosing a saree, the options can be overwhelming. Ladies, can you relate? Today, we are here to introduce you to two elegant sarees – the Katki and Sambalpuri sarees. While some of you might be familiar with these names, others may not have tried them yet, but don’t worry, we’ve got you covered!Thank you for reading this post, don't forget to subscribe!
Katki saree is a traditional Ikat saree that features the verses of Gita Govinda. On the other hand, the Sambalpuri saree is a handwoven saree that undergoes a tie-dyeing process before weaving. Interestingly, one warp for Sambalpuri saree makes only 2-4 sarees, whereas for Katki, it can produce up to 30 sarees.
Katki saree is also known as Khandua and Maniabandi. Both sarees have their roots in Odisha, with Sambalpuri saree specifically originating from Sambalpur, Balangir, Boudh, Bargarh, and Sonepur. So, whether you’re a saree enthusiast or just curious about different types of sarees, read on to learn more about these beautiful traditional pieces.
What is a Katki/Khandua saree?
The Katki saree, also known as Khandua saree, is a type of saree traditionally woven using wooden looms and dyed in red, orange, or yellow colors. The red color used in this saree is made from the Shorea robusta (sal tree). It is known for being made from the highest quality traditional silk yarn or pure cotton. The Katki saree features various motifs, including an auspicious elephant depicting Buddha surrounded by a trailing vine with peacocks in it, a flower, and a unique Orissan animal called Nabagunjara, a deula kumbha. The saree is also renowned for its plain and temple borders, and it has cultural significance connected to Lord Jagannath.
In the present day, the Katki saree is popular among people from all walks of life. Odissi dancers and celebrities have been seen wearing this elegant attire on various occasions. The saree now features more variation in its borders and pallava style, with common motifs such as a star, temple, chakra, lotus, conch, rudraksha, fish, swan, peacock, parrot, deer, elephant, horse, lion, and more.
The beauty of the Katki saree lies in the intricate and elaborate process it undergoes, taking several hours to weave just one saree. This level of craftsmanship is what makes it so appealing to women. The Katki saree is unrivaled in its flawless execution and finish, which cannot be achieved by sarees made on a power loom. This saree is commonly worn for festive or celebratory occasions.
What is Sambalpuri saree?
The Sambalpuri saree is an ethnic and traditional handwoven saree that features motifs like shankha (shell), chakra (wheel), and phula (flower). These motifs are typically dyed using native Odia colors like red, black, and white, which represent Lord Jagannatha’s face color. Sambalpuri sarees are available in both cotton and silk fabrics and are woven using the double ikat method.
The process of making a Sambalpuri saree involves tie-dyeing the warp and weft threads, which are then arranged into a pattern for weaving. It takes several weeks to complete the entire process of weaving just one Sambalpuri saree. The saree comes in various varieties such as Sonepuri, Pasapali, Bomkai, Barpali, and Bapta saris, named after their places of origin.
Local women wear the Sambalpuri saree for traditional functions, marriages, pujas, parties, and other special occasions. Due to the expensive cloth material and handicraft of the workers, the Sambalpuri saree is a little expensive. It follows a “Baandha” craftsmanship where an arranged yarn is dyed according to a preconceived design.
Difference between Katki and Sambalpuri saree
Having gone through the information provided above, one can get a good understanding of Katki and Sambalpuri sarees, with their beautiful colors and motifs. However, if one wants to differentiate between the two or make a choice, it is necessary to delve deeper into their making processes and consider several factors.
When comparing the weight of both sarees, it can be observed that the Katki saree is lighter than the Sambalpuri saree. This is because Sambalpuri Silk Sarees use Mulberry x Mulberry yarns (4ply x 4ply), making them weigh around 650 to 700 grams. On the other hand, Katki/Khandua Silk sarees use 2 Ply Bangalore x 3 ply Malda Silk, which is why they weigh around 380-450 grams.